Total Knee Replacement
A total knee replacement is surgery designed to repair damaged cartilage. The damaged tissues are removed from the knee joint and then a prosthesis is inserted to replace them. While this surgery is undertaken no pain is felt as anaesthesia is used. The recovery stage however can be painful and full recovery usually takes 3 months to a year.
Partial Knee Replacement
A partial knee replacement is similar to a total knee replacement in that it is also designed to repair damaged cartilage. However a partial knee replacement is used when it is deemed that only part of the knee is damaged enough to warrant a replacement. These may be performed on either the inside (medial) or outside (lateral) parts of the knee depending on the situation. Anaethesia is used so that no pain may be felt while the operation occurs and full recovery usually takes 3-6 months.
ACL or PCL reconstruction is a procedure designed to fix a torn anterior cruciate ligament or a torn posterior cruciate ligament. These ligaments cannot simply be sewn back together and so they are replaced by a piece of tendon from part of your leg or another donor. This procedure is done under anaesthetic so no pain is felt during the operation and recovery usually takes 2 to 4 months.
This procedure is usually undertaken in order for a doctor to fully identify and therefore be able to diagnose and treat knee problems. This is done by making small incisions in the knee and then inserting an arthroscope (a camera like device around the size of a pencil). Damaged tissue may also be removed by inserting surgical instruments through other incisions in your knee. This procedure is done under anaesthetic and the recovery is usually only a few weeks.
This surgery is done in order to correct a misalignment of the leg and to relieve pressure on the joint in order to prevent arthritis from occurring. It is done by removing a wedge of the bone from the tibia, plates and screws are then put in place so that the bone may heal. The positives of this surgery is that it can delay a joint replacement for several years. Also there are no restrictions in physical activities after an osteotomy, even high impact exercise can be partaken in. The procedure is done under anaesthetic and recovery usually takes 3 - 6 months.